Exfoliation is important to encourage new skin cell renewal. The process deeply cleanses the skin, dislodge build-up in the pores and help soften whiteheads. It also helps to smooth and refine the skin texture, allowing the skin to maintain a healthy skin glow and tone.
Different skin types require different exfoliation approaches. This can be done chemically (e.g. chemical or Medical peels that uses glycolic acids or alpha-hydroxyl acids based products).
Gentle exfoliation keeps debris from accumulating. A general rule of thumb for at home exfoliation is once a week for sensitive and delicate skin and about two to three times for normal skin. For exfoliation procedures such as microdermabrasion and chemical peels performed at aesthetic clinics, once a month is recommended or as advised by your doctor.
After exfoliation, moisturising is the next key step for healthy glowing skin. This is particularly true after shaving or shower as the moisturiser replenishes the natural protective oils that may have been stripped away.
It is recommended that those with normal to combination skin types to choose a liquid base moisturiser for easy application and absorption while drier and more mature skin can opt for thicker creamier textures to restore moisture levels. Since it is going to be hot and humid during the summer months, choose non-comedogenic moisturisers that would not clog up your pores and cause any unsightly breakouts.
One of the most crucial things to do to make your skin look good is sun protection, so that you will never get a burn on your skin. How high a number of sun protection factor (SPF) you need depends on how fair you are. People with fairer skin often need stronger sun protection than those with darker skin tones.
Everyone should wear a sunscreen with at least SPF 30 with a broad-spectrum agent that protects against UVA and UVB rays. Choose those containing sunscreen ingredients such as physical (or mineral) blockers (zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) that can physically “block” the skin from the sun.
SPF numbers help to provide a basic estimate for how often you should reapply your sunscreen. Here’s how it works: If you are using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15, and it usually takes you 15 minutes to get a sunburn, all you have to do is multiply the two numbers together to figure out about how long your sunscreen should last. In this case, it would be 225 minutes, or 3 hours and 45 minutes.
Sunscreen takes about 15 to 20 minutes to kick-start its function. Therefore you should apply it before you leave the house, not when you get to the beach. You should also apply at least 1 teaspoon of sunscreen for your face, scalp, neck and arm as well as 2 teaspoons for the torso and to each leg every two hours, since sunscreen gets weaker over time. And even if the product label claims the lotion is water resistant, make sure to reapply after swimming or sweating a lot.
In addition to using sunscreen, seek shade whenever possible, and wear sun-protective clothing, broad-brimmed hats, and UV-blocking sunglasses.